What are supplemental educational services?
Supplemental educational services (SES) are additional academic instruction designed to increase the academic achievement of students in schools in the second year of improvement, corrective action, or restructuring. These services, which are in addition to instruction provided during the school day, may include academic assistance such as tutoring, remediation and other supplemental academic enrichment services that are consistent with the content and instruction used by the local educational agency (LEA) and are aligned with the State’s academic content and achievement standards. SES must be high quality, research-based, and specifically designed to increase student academic achievement
[Section 1116(e)(12)(C); 34 §C.F.R. 200.45(a)].
What is the purpose of SES?
Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as reauthorized by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), calls for parents of eligible students attending Title I schools that have not made adequate yearly progress (AYP) in increasing student academic achievement for three years to be provided with opportunities and choices to help ensure that their children achieve at high levels. SES provide extra academic assistance for eligible children. Students from low-income families who are attending Title I schools that are in their second year of school improvement (i.e., have not made AYP for three years), in corrective action, or in restructuring status are eligible to receive these services.
State educational agencies (SEAs) are required to identify entities, both public and private, that qualify to provide these services. Parents of eligible students are then notified, by the LEA, that SES will be made available, and parents may select any approved provider in the geographic area served by the LEA or within a reasonable distance of that area that they feel will best meet their child’s needs. The LEA will sign an agreement with the provider selected by the parent, and the provider will then provide services to the child and report on the child’s progress to the parents and to the LEA.
The goal of SES is to increase eligible students’ academic achievement in a subject or subjects that the State includes in its ESEA assessments under Section 1111 of the ESEA, which must include reading/language arts, mathematics, and science, as well as English language proficiency for students with limited English proficiency (LEP).
What other educational options are available to students and parents under NCLB?
NCLB provides several options for parents. Two options address educational issues and one addresses the issue of student safety.
Students attending Title I schools identified for improvement are given the option of (1) transferring to another public school, or (2) receiving SES, depending on the eligibility of the student and the status of the school. (An SEA may also require non-Title I schools to offer SES and public school choice.) The option to transfer to another public school is available to all students enrolled in Title I schools that are identified for improvement, corrective action, or restructuring. SES, as discussed in this document, are available to students from low-income families who are enrolled in Title I schools in the second year of school improvement and for subsequent years. These options continue until the school has made AYP for two consecutive years. In circumstances where public school choice is not possible (i.e., if all schools at a grade level are in school improvement, if an LEA has only a single school at that grade level, or if schools in an LEA are remote from each other making it impractical to transfer to a new school), we encourage LEAs to consider offering SES during the first year of school improvement. When both options are available, parents of students eligible for SES have the choice of which option they would prefer for their child. For more information on public school choice requirements, go to: http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/schoolchoiceguid. doc.
Another educational choice exists for parents when their children are in schools that have been identified as persistently dangerous, or when a child has been the victim of a violent crime on school property [Section 9532]. Such students have the option of transferring to a different, safer public school. States must identify schools that are persistently dangerous in time for LEAs to notify parents and students, at least 14 days calendar prior to the start of the school year, that their school has been identified [68 Fed. Reg. 35671 (June 16, 2003)]. For more information on the unsafe school choice option, go to: http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/unsafeschoolchoice.doc.